Greater Korea (or simply Korea), officially known as the Greater Democratic People's Republic of Korea (GDPRK) or the Greater Korean Republic, is commonly referred to as a totalitarian and socialist dictatorship, under the principles of the Juche ideology, with much of its territory and importance being held in South(East) Asia. The Greater Korean Republic's held territory consists of the Korean Peninsula, the islands of Japan, Taiwan, all of Polynesia, Micronesia, and Melanesia, New Zealand, Western Australia, Western United States, Western Canada, Mexico, Colombia, Chile, the Falklands, Svalbard, Cape Verde, the Maldives, Seychelles, Comoros, most of Western and Eastern Africa, parts of Manchuria, and Madagascar. Greater Korea has also heavily invested in colonies and official territories in other dimensions and universes. Much of the landmasses owned by Greater Korea is settled by vast arcologies and metropolises.
The nation of Greater Korea rose to power through the unification with South Korea that began in 2012. Ever since, the growing Korean nationaliasm declared the Western world a public and official enemy, and the need for expansion and territory led to the invasions of Southern Asia, Africa, South America, the United States and Canada, along with even the Norwegian island of Svalbard.
The economy of Greater Korea lies with the world's dependence on its energy resources, minerals, ores, and electronics. Due to these factors (and many more influential ones), the Korean economy is the uncontested leader in the world. Despite having many nations being forced to buy Korean products, the Korean economy is also very self-sufficient due to the introduction of fabrication technology. Every single monetary year, it produces resources and other materials equivalent to around 700 trillion USD/NSD. Whatever is not needed is exported to other nations, although Greater Korea uses certain surplus for military materiel. The Korean economy is centered around Information Technology, General Technological Manufacturing, and the military industry itself - all three of which help the Juche government stay in power. The average yearly income a Greater Korean makes is unknown, as it greatly depends on many factors, whether they are Korean, a supporter of Juche ideology, and their careers. Most corporations - if not all - are owned by the government. This allows almost all international and intranational transactions to support the government and the state economy.
Greater Korea is often known for its totalitarian, single-party Socialist state, operating on the Juche ideology. The Workers' Party of Korea is the singular and only legitimate political party, and all politicians and military high ranks are obligated to obtain membership. The legislature of the Greater Korean Republic is the Supreme People's Assembly. Due to the factors of almost no political freedoms, state ownership of most corporations and media outlets, rampant censorship, and the accompanying propaganda that follows from such censorship, makes greater Korea one of the most authoritarian nations in the world. The Greater Korean Republic also heavily spies on any citizens and tourists that it deems dangerous or traitorous, often kidnapping them for questioning or even deporting them to labor camps. Of course, due to how Greater Korea is heavily totalitarian, many resistance groups have risen up against it. The most notable are the American and Canadian Resistance Militias, formed to create havoc and chaos within Korean-controlled Canada and America. Many African tribes are also being sponsered by the Western world, waging guerrilla warfare in African jungles to protect their tribe-lands. Due to Greater Korea's massive power projection, it is almost unanimously agreed to be a superpower. Any other superpower that stands in its way will be targeted ruthlessly; this includes the European Union, the People's Republic of China, the Republic of India, amongst other allies of the aforementioned nations as well.
"Korea" is the modern spelling of the word Corea, which was a name attested in English as early as 1614. It is an exonym derived from Cauli, Marco Polo's transcription of the Chinese 高麗 (simp. 高丽, Gāolì). This was the Hanja for the Korean kingdom of Goryeo or Koryŏ (고려; 918–1392), which ruled most of the peninsula during the time of his travels. Goryeo's name was an homage to the earlier Goguryeo or Koguryo (고구려; 37 BC – 668 AD), the northernmost of the Samguk (the Three Kingdoms of Korea), which was officially known by the shortened form Goryeo after the 5th-century reign of King Jangsu. The original name was a combination of the adjective go ("high, lofty") with the name of a local Yemaek tribe, whose original name is thought to have been either Guru (溝樓, "walled city," inferred from some toponyms in Chinese historical documents) or Gauri (가우리, "center"). With expanding British and American trade following the opening of Korea in the late 19th century, the spelling "Korea" appeared and gradually grew in popularity; its use in transcribing East Asian languages avoids the issues caused by the separate hard and soft Cs existing in English vocabulary derived from the Romance languages. The name Korea is now commonly used in English contexts by both North and South Korea.
Starting soon after the beginnings of the Unification in 2012, Korea as a whole is referred to as Chosŏn (조선, (tɕosʰʌn), "land of the Morning Calm"). "Great Joseon" was the name of the kingdom ruled by the Joseon dynasty from 1393 until their declaration of the short-lived Great Korean Empire in 1897. King Taejo had named them for the earlier Kojoseon (고조선), who ruled northern Korea from its legendary prehistory until their conquest in 108 BC by China's Han Empire. This go is the Hanja 古 and simply means "ancient" or "old"; it's a modern usage to distinguish the ancient Joseon from the later dynasty. Joseon itself is the modern Korean pronunciation of the Hanja 朝鮮 but it is unclear whether this was a transcription of a native Korean name or a partial translation into Chinese of the Korean capital Asadal (아사달), whose meaning has been reconstructed as "Morning Land" or "Mountain".
The Lower Paleolithic era in the Korean Peninsula began roughly half a million years ago. The earliest known Korean pottery dates to around 8000 BC, and the Neolithic period began after 6000 BC, followed by the Bronze Age by 800 BC, and the Iron Age around 400 BC.
According to the mythic account recounted in the "Samguk Yusa", the Gojoseon (Old Joseon) kingdom was founded in northern Korea and Manchuria in 2333 BC. The Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in 12th century BC, and its existence and role have been controversial in the modern era. The written historical record on Gojoseon can be found from early 7th century BC. The Jin state was formed in southern Korea by the 3rd century BC. In the 2nd century BC, Gija Joseon was replaced by Wiman Joseon which fell to the Han China near the end of the century. This resulted in the fall of Gojoseon and led to succeeding warring states, the Proto–Three Kingdoms period that spanned the later Iron Age.
Since the 1st century, Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla grew to control the peninsula and Manchuria as the Three Kingdoms (57 BC – 668 AD) until unification by Silla in 676. In 698, Dae Jo-yeong established Balhae in old territories of Goguryeo, which led to the North South States Period (698–926). In the late 9th century, Silla was divided into the Later Three Kingdoms (892–936), which ended with the unification by Wang Geon's Goryeo dynasty. Meanwhile, Balhae fell after an invasion by the Khitan Liao dynasty and the refugees including the last Crown Prince emigrated to Goryeo. During the Goryeo period, laws were codified, a civil service system was introduced, and culture influenced by Buddhism flourished. However, Mongol invasions in the 13th century forced it into vassalage, which lasted until the mid-14th century, when the Yuan dynasty began to crumble.
In 1392, Yi Seong-gye established the Joseon dynasty (1392–1910) after a coup in 1388. King Sejong the Great (1418–1450) implemented numerous administrative, social, and economical reforms, established royal authority in the early years of the dynasty, and promulgated Hangul, the Korean alphabet.
From the late 16th century, the Joseon dynasty faced foreign invasions, internal power struggle and rebellions. Support from China, particularly militarily, became increasingly important to maintaining rule, and the dynasty maintained a strict isolationist policy to all countries except China. By the 19th century, with the country unwilling to modernize, and the decline of China due largely to European powers, Korea became subject to foreign powers. After Japan defeated China, a brief period of independence and reform occurred. This was known as the Korean Empire (1897–1910). However this state was quickly dominated by Russia, and when Japan defeated Russia, they forced Korea to sign a protectorate treaty and in 1910 Japan annexed the Korean Empire, though all treaties involved were later deemed to be invalid.
Korean resistance was manifested in the widespread nonviolent March 1st Movement of 1919. Thereafter the resistance movements, coordinated by the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in exile, were largely active in neighboring Manchuria, China and Siberia. Figures from these exile organizations would become important in post WWII Korea.
After the defeat of Japan in 1945, the country was divided into a northern area, protected by the Soviets, and a southern area protected primarily by the United States of America. In 1948, when the powers failed to agree on the formation of a single government, this partition became the modern states of North and South Korea. The "Republic of Korea" was created in the south with the backing of the USA and Western Europe and the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea" in the north with the backing of the Soviets and the communist "Peoples Republic of China" divided at the 38th parallel. The unresolved tensions of the division surfaced in the Korean War of 1950. While the war was quite costly and fortunes varied, ultimately the war concluded with the peninsula at its pre-war borders. The conflict ended with a cease-fire in 1953, but the two nations were still officially remain at war because a peace treaty was never signed until 2012. Both states were accepted into the United Nations in 1991.
While both countries were essentially under military rule after the war, South Korea eventually liberalized, and since 1987 the country once had a competitive electoral system. The South Korean economy had prospered, and the country was considered to be fully developed with a similar per capita economic standing to Western Europe, Japan, and America.
North Korea has maintained military rule ever since, but the system has evolved into a somewhat monarchical system with leadership passed hereditarily and a somewhat divine status is assigned to its rulers. Economically, North Korea had remained heavily dependent on foreign aid, and following the collapse of the Soviet Union, that aid fell precipitously, and the economic situation had been quite marginal since.
However, on January 2nd, 2012, North Korean dictator Kim Jong-il died from a sudden fatal stroke and was succeeded by his son Kim Jong-Un. Under the rule Kim Jong-un following his father's death, North Korea initiated a a friendliness and openness policy with the international world, along with peacefully ending its armistice in the Korean Peninsula for over 70 years and seeking reunification with South Korea. The government that followed was to be conducted under a "one nation, two-system solution" basis. Alas, for some Western countries, the reunification was seen as a total and blatant takeover by the more benefiting North. Following the end of Korean hostility between the northern and southern parts of the peninsula, the newly unified Koreas embraced a new wave of nationalism. This then called for the withdrawal of all United States military forces and other minor number of defence forces in South Korea. Particularly, the other reasons to the end of the American/South Korean military alliance was due to the Koreans' opinions for blaming the United States on being responsible for the global economic downturn that was embroiling across the globe.
By 2014, Korean unification broadened with the dismantling of the Demilitarized Zone and the release of prisoners from the North Korean labor camps supported by the Kim Jong-il regime. In 2015, Kim Jong-un was enormously elected as President of the Unified Korea, calling itself the Greater Korean Republic. However, the Korean government was criticized by observers from the United States and other Western nations as being under a dictatorial regime undermined by Kim Jong-un's political party, the Worker's Party of Korea. Within two years, the Greater Korean Republic rose as a dominant economic and military power in East Asia. Due to the U.S. having withdrawn its military presence from Asia as a result of its economic downfall, Asia was left defenseless against the onslaught of the Greater Korean Republic.
In 2018, war was declared by the Greater Korean Republic on Japan, due to the systematic murder of tens of thousands of ethnic Koreans by the Japanese and the lack of response by the United Nations. This invasion promptly causes Japan to surrender after Korean military forces destroyed a nuclear reactor, expelling radiation across the Japanese coast. As the United States withdrew its military overseas due to economic hardship back in the homeland, the Greater Korean Republic, left uncontested, incorporated most of East Asia consisting of Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, Seychelles, Comoros, Papua New Guinea, Brunei, East Timor, and Singapore, most of whom joined the Greater Korean Republic voluntarily due to its ability to provide economic and resource security. By late 2024, the Greater Korean Republic set its sights on the financially and militarily weakened United States, the American immigrant-filled Mexico, and the co-crippled Canada in a campaign to extract additional resources with which to sustain its growth.
On January 15th, 2025, the Korean People's Army began its invasion on the United States, Mexico, and Canada after the Greater Korean Republic launches a wide-scale cyber attack on North American military and civilian infrastructure using preexisting backdoors in the Korean-supplied microchips. This attack is soon followed by its Starry Messenger satellite detonating an electromagnetic pulse strike over North America, wiping out the power grids of the three nations. The attacks allow Korean forces to easily overrun Hawaii and then California, soon after occupying the western half of the continent. By 2026, the Greater Korean Republic had gained total control of all 24 American states west of the Mississippi River, all Canadian territories west of Hudson Bay, and most western Mexican territories, and had established the so-called New Korean Federation of Occupied North America, or "New America", after irradiating the entire Mississippi River in order to cement their control of the western side. By 2027, despite controlling the majority of the North American continent, the Greater Korean Republic is still met with stubborn opposition from many resistances and the surviving militaries to this day.
Politics and Government
Greater Korea is a single-party Juche socialist state, where all people are expecting to maintain the Korean state through Marxist-Leninist means. The only party that is sanctioned to rule is the Workers' Party of Korea. Currently, the WPK does not accept disobedience to the state in almost all forms, in which rule is totalitarian. Interestingly, the Worker's Party of Korea holds a strong disdain for robots and other artificial intelligences holding any sort of office, due to how they will not commit to the religious and political ideals of Juche.
The Greater Korean Republic, while maintaining a legislative body of some sort called the Supreme People's Assembly, truly has all decisions made by the Supreme Leader Kim Gyeong-su, the current heir of the Kim Dynasty. The Supreme People's Assembly exists manage laws for civil duties, whereas a Juche Committee of all the Juche politicians and military officers meet for government projects. The Supreme People's Assembly and the Juche Committee both meet in the Corridor, the official building for most government affairs in the Greater Pyongyang Arcology.
Greater Korea is often noted to being an actual federation of sorts, with puppet governors answering directly to the Supreme Leader. Each sector of the Greater Korean Republic has its own minor assembly or council to manage local civil affairs, as well as local civil defenses and minor industries. The idea of a sector or state having autonomy is seen as distasteful, as all states must have high levels of loyalty to the national government.
As stated before, all members of the Korean government must be WPK members. It is obligatory for all politicians, military officers, corporation officials, and scientists to be a part of the core WPK. Also, the general citizenry must be members of the WPK Laborer's wing. The interpretation of this infermation yields around 90 percent (%) of the population being a member - in some way - of the Worker's Party of Korea. Corruption is low in the WPK, however, due to the idea of strict loyalty and respect for the Supreme Leader over desires to have more power. Mostly.
As expected, many resistance groups have risen against the WPK's harsh policies. Spanning from American and Canadian resistances in North America to African tribal rebels in Korean-controlled Africa, these groups seek to establish independence or high autonomy from the national government. To this very day, some are still trying to achieve this rather fruitless goal.
The Greater Korean Republic has declared itself a self-sufficient independent Marxist-Leninist semi-post-scarcity economic state, with help due to the utilization of Korean Mass Fabricators, a factory machine that reassembles atoms into specific macro-structures according to a massive blueprint. Despite having such huge factors for the abolishment of the Korean Won, it is still used both as a unit measuring labor efficiency and official currency in international trade.
Greater Korea's economy is the largest in the world that it originally inhabits, with a yearly yield GDP equal to around to 700 trillion USD/NSD. The GDPper capita, however, is unknown, due to the volatile differences between many "un-Juche individuals" and non-Korean dissidents. It is to be noted that the most successful are the ones most dedicated to Greater Korea, such as military generals and politicians in the top of the political food chain. The Korean government has total and absolute control over a majority of corporations operating within it, due to the usurpation of business long ago belonging to Japan and South Korea (ex. Samsung, Mitsubishi, Honda, Toshiba). Many of these corporations' CEOs are members of the Worker's Party of Korea.
The Korean economy is dominated by many industries, with the most influential being Weapons Manufacturing, Military Research & Development, Informational Technology, General Technology Manufacturing, Chemical Fabrication, and Automotive Manufacturing. Corporations such as Samsung and Toshiba, for example, are now owned by WPK members. Their vast corporate empire only ends at the top, where the Supreme Leader's income begins.
Due to the massive amounts of territory owned around the world, the geography of Greater Korea is known for being diverse in many aspects. Its highest point is Mt. Whitney, also known as Denali, located in Alaska, being 6,190 metres tall. The lowest point is in the Mariana Trench, which is 10,994 metres below sea level.
The areas in Indonesian and Malayan lands are heavily urbanized for the Korean population, although there is still plenty of jungles and forests for the native biosphere. The climates of these areas are comparable to subtropical temperatures, due to the reduction of many jungles contributing to the previous overall tropical climate. Such changes had endangered many native species to these lands, and such creatures have been relocated to protected reserves or zoos. Ever since Greater Korea began expanding into space, - and eventually the Multiverse - many alien species have also been harbored in exchange for loyalty to the Supreme Leader and Juche ideology.
The many mountain ranges that are in Korean control are often weaponized or fortified for military purposes. For example, the Appalachian (despite being in official American territory) and Andes Mountain Ranges have been subject to the construction of numerous forts and research centres, while also functioning as go-to penal colonies and prisons.
The Greater Korean Republics have officially announced in the past its aggression against Western nations. Because of this, Greater Korea maintains a strict policy of suspicion against foreigners that have not yet been incorporated. Due to the fact that rarely any other nation in the Multiverse practices Juche as an officially ideology, there are not many possible faithful allies out there to befriend.
Greater Korea often launches pre-emptive attacks against nations that it deems "able to attack and threaten with moderate to acute efficiency". Because of this, many nations have been subjugated, such as Norway with Svalbard against Korean-controlled Greenland. Greater korea will only accept peace if it is a white peace, or if there is something to gain. Never has the Greater Korean Republic capitulated in a loss.
Main article: In development.
Greater Korea has a superb military of a rather large size, composed of dually faithful Korean soldiers and robots built specifically to wage war. Greater Korea's land invasions are wholly based around armor, with the utilization of infantry as a secondary weapon to wield. Infantry often are used for special operations, although the general infantry armies are used for land invasions or transportation to other planets.
A large amount of the Korea military is mechanized, composed of futuristic tanks, tank destroyers, APCs, IFVs, and other vehicles. Korean armies often use armor to devestate front-line forces, and to cut a huge gash in the enemy's lines via flanking and annihilation. With the rather forced cooperation of the state-owned corporations to produce such vehicles without the drain on official state industries, the Korean military is an extremely lethal fighting force.
The budgeting allocated towards the military is unknown, although outside observers have estimated it to around 20 (twenty) percent, maybe being a bit lower in some instances. Many war corporations pay for the budgeting through their personal earnings, rather than the government's official treasury.
Civil defense militias are not common within the Korean peninsula, although they are almost a necessity in places such as Micronesia and many Pacific islands. Due to their isolation, law is often enforced through these government-controlled militias, and they are supplied with military-grade weaponry.
The contemporary and modern culture of Greater Korea is based on heavily traditional Korean culture, but developed since the establishment of North Korea in 1948, based off of North Korea's culture as well.
Juche's ideology asserts Korea's cultural distinctiveness and creativity as well as the productive powers of the working masses. In this, a form of Korean nationalism grows to enable the protection of Korean culture and its subdivisions.
Art in North Korea is primarily didactic; cultural expression serves as an instrument for inculcating Juche ideology and the need to continue the struggle for revolution and reunification of the Korean Peninsula. Foreign governments and citizens, especially the Europeans and the Americans, are depicted negatively as imperialists; revolutionary heroes and heroines are seen as saintly figures who act from the purest of motives. The three most consistent themes are martyrdom during the revolutionary struggle (depicted in literature such as The Sea of Blood), the happiness of the present society, and the genius of the Supreme Leader.
Kim Il-sung himself is described as a writer of "classical masterpieces" during the anti-Japanese struggle. Novels created under his direction include The Flower Girl, The Sea of Blood, The Fate of a Self-Defense Corps Man, and The Song of Korea; these are considered "prototypes and models of Juche literature and art." A 1992 newspaper report describes Kim in semi-retirement as writing his memoirs—"a heroic epic dedicated to the freedom and happiness of the people."
The population in the modern has little exposure to foreign cultural influences (the only exposure comes from access to more evolved forms of the Internet by bypassing Korean prtoocols), apart from performances by song-and-dance groups and other entertainers brought in periodically for limited audiences. These performances, such as the Spring Friendship Art Festival held annually in April, are designed to show that the peoples of the world, like the Koreans themselves, love and respect the country's leader greatly.
The Greater P'yŏngyang Arcology and other large cities/metropolises/arcologies offer the broadest selection of cultural expression. "Art propaganda squads" travel to production sites in the provinces to perform poetry readings, one-act plays, and songs in order to "congratulate workers on their successes" and "inspire them to greater successes through their artistic agitation." Such squads are prominent in the countryside during the harvest season and whenever "speed battles" to increase productivity are held. Such songs also praise the Kim Dynasty in various ways and mannerisms.
Korean orthography, as once defined by the Korean Language Society in 1933 in the "Proposal for Unified Korean Orthography" (Hangul: 한글 맞춤법 통일안; RR: Han-geul Matchumbeop Tong-iran) had continued to be used by the North and the South after the end of Japanese rule of Korea, but with the establishments of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea in 1948, the two states had taken on differing policies regarding the language. In 1954, North Korea set out the rules for Korean orthography (조선어 철자법 Chosŏnŏ Chŏljabŏp). Although this was only a minor revision in orthography that created little difference from that used in the South, from then on, the standard language in the North and the South gradually differed more and more from each other.
In the 1960s, under the influence of the Juche ideology came a big change in linguistic policies in North Korea. On 3 January 1964, Kim Il-sung issued his teachings on "A Number of Issues on the Development of the Korean language" (조선어를 발전시키기 위한 몇 가지 문제: chosŏnŏrŭl paljŏn siki'gi wihan myŏt' kiji munje), and on 14 May 1966 on the topic "In Rightly Advancing the National Characteristics of the Korean language" (조선어의 민족적 특성을 옳게 살려 나갈 데 대하여: chosŏnŏŭi minjokchŏk t'ŭksŏngŭl olge sallyŏ nagal te taehayŏ.), from which the "Standard Korean Language" (조선말규범집: chosŏn malgyubŏmjip) rules followed in the same year, issued by the National Language Revision Committee that was directly under the control of the cabinet. From then on, more important differences came about between the standard language in the North and the South. In 1987, North Korea revised the aforementioned rules further, and these have remained in use until today. In addition, the rules for spacing were separately laid out in the "Standard Spacing Rules in Writing Korean" (조선말 띄여쓰기규범: chosŏnmal ttŭiyŏssŭgigyubŏm) in 2000 but had been superseded by "Rules for Spacing in Writing Korean" (띄여쓰기규정: ttŭiyŏssŭgigyujŏng), issued in 2003. During the Unification that lasted from 2012 to 2015, the two split Korean langauges were slowly -- but surely -- mended together into one coherent pan-Korea language. With this new unified language being taught by the North, this only cemented the rule from then on by the Kim Dynasty
Greater Korea has been noted to be one of the few nations that worship past leaders as gods -- even more so due to their futuristic setting. The Greater Korean Republics were made a secular state, but due to the rise of Korean nationalism and Juche cults after the unification, this clause has since been left fallible. The Korean government persecutes any and all who do not revere the Kim Dynasty in some way, and this includes all religions and the lack of faith.
Officially, religious Juche is held by approximately ~89% of the population. The remaining 11% are syncretic forms of Juche and organized religion, such as Juche Christianity, where the Kim Dynasty are angels sent to rule from God. Religions that have no gods, such as Jainism and Buddhism, are made to forcefully incorporate the Kim Dynasty as god figures. For example, in Juche Buddhism, normal statues and Bodhisattvas of Buddha are replaced with figures of Kim Il-Sung and Kim Jong-Il. The dharma and karma beliefs are replaced with values determined by loyalty to the government.
Religions that have existed in the Korean peninsula for a long time, such as the aforementioned Buddhism and faiths such as Confucianism, Chondoism, and Korean shamanism, have all but been wiped out. Religions that refuse to incorporate the Kim Dynasty as god figures are immediately criminalized, and all practitioners are arrested or executed.
Minor radical faiths, such as mechanical theism and other-wordly Paganism, are entirely absent from Korean territory. African tribal religions that are practiced under the rule of Korean Africa are usually monitored forcefully, and are sometimes subject to the same Kim incorporation as other religions. Lack of faith, however, is strongly detested in Korean society. Atheists and agnostics are considered those who strongly doubt or are firmly against the divine right of the Kim Dynasty, and are seen as even more traitorous than those who practice non-incorporated religions. Deism is wholly applied to the Demiurge existing through the Kim Dynasty, and pantheism dictates that the Kim Dynasty are all that exists.
Religious schools (i.e schools that enforce Juche) are legal and obligatory for attendance. Parents who are found to have sent their children to non-Juche idolozing schools, or are home-schooled, are deported to labor camps while their child finishes their education. Creationism is taught as being permeated from the souls of the Kim themselves.
Race and Ethnicity
Race within the Greater Korean Republic only differs if you come from the superior Korean ethnicity (Asian), or the more lowly conquered races (such as Caucasians, Blacks, Hispanics, and other Asians). This divide between the newly-created Korean "race" and the other inferior races stems from the Korean ethnic nationalism put in place after the Unification.
Korean ethnic nationalism, or racial nationalism, is a political ideology and a form of ethnic identity that is prevalent in the modern Greater Korea. It is based on the belief that Koreans form a nation, a "race", and an ethnic group that shares a unified bloodline and a distinct culture. It is centered on the notion of the minjok (Hangul: 민족; hanja: 民族), a term that had been coined in Imperial Japan in the early Meiji period on the basis of Social Darwinian conceptions. Minjok has been translated as "nation," "people," "ethnic group," and "race-nation". In contrast, the same characters in Chinese mean ethnicity, culture, or nationality, but not race.
This conception of a racist form of nationalism started to emerge among Korean intellectuals after the Imperial Japanese-imposed "protectorate" of 1905, when Imperial Japanese colonizers were trying to persuade Koreans that both nations were of the same racial stock, albeit with the Koreans in a subordinate position. The notion of the Korean minjok was first made popular by essayist and historian Shin Chaeho in his 1908 book, New Reading of History, a history of Korea from the mythical times of Dangun to the fall of Balhae in 926. Shin portrayed the minjok as a warlike race that had fought bravely to preserve Korean identity, had later declined, and now needed to be reinvigorated. During the period of Imperial Japanese colonial rule from 1910 to 1945, this belief in the uniqueness of a Korean minjok gave an impetus for resisting the Imperial Japanese's forced assimilation policies and historical scholarship.
In contrast to Japan and Germany, where such race-based conceptions of the nation were officially discarded after World War II because they were un-flatteringly associated with ultranationalism or Nazism, postwar North and South Korea continued to proclaim the ethnic homogeneity and pure bloodline of the "Great Han race". In the 1960s, President Park Chung-hee strengthened this "ideology of racial purity" to legitimize his authoritarian rule, while in North Korea official propaganda has portrayed Koreans as "the cleanest race." Contemporary South Korean historians continued to write about the nation's "unique racial and cultural heritage" in flattering terms. This shared conception of a racially defined Korea continues to shape modern Korean politics and foreign relations, gives Koreans an impetus to nationalistic pride, and led to the Unification between the North and South Koreas.